Salsco - Over 30 Years of Quality and Service
Work Practices
Proper work practices are essential for safe operation of chipper.  Employers should reinforce proper work practices on a regular basis, such as during "toolbox talks".

The following are recommended safe chipper work practices to reduce "caught-in" and "struck-by" hazards:

  • Designate one or more employees as a safety watch to be stationed near emergency shut-off devices while other employees feed material into the chipper.
  • Stand to the side of the infeed chute when feeding material into the chipper.  This reduces the "caught-in" hazard and allows quick access to emergency stop devices.
  • Keep hands and feet out of the immediate infeed chute area while while the chipper is running.
  • Push material into feed rollers with a wooden tool or a long branch.
  • Feed branches into the chipper butt-end first.
  • Place shorter branches on top of longer branches being fed into the chipper.
  • Place small debris into trash cans instead of feeding it into the chipper.
  • Never stand, sit or climb onto any part of the chipper while it is running.
  • Shut down the chipper and remove the ignition key when it is unattended.
  • Before starting a chipper, ensure that the chipper's disc hood is completely closed and latched, and that there are no foreign objects in the infeed area.
  • Ensure that the discharge chute is positioned to prevent chips from hitting employees.
  • Do not stand in front of the feed table when the chipper is running.
  • Check material to be fed to ensure that it is free of metal and other foreign objects.
  • Use proper locking pins to immobilize the disc cutting wheel when attempting to clear a clogged chipper chute or changing chipper blades.

The above re-printed from the U.S. Department of Labor-Occupational Safety and Health Administration.  Hazards of Wood Chippers-SHIB 04-16-2008.

  • Use appropriate hand protection....relative to the task(s) to be performed, conditions present...and the hazards and potential hazards identified.
  • Use appropriate eye and face protection.
  • Wear a protective helment.

The following are Industry and ANSI recommended clothing and apparel to prevent entanglement hazards:

  • Wear gloves with no cuffs (non-gauntlet)
  • Wear close-fitting and tucked-in clothing with no stray straps or strings.  Jewelry should not be worn while operating chippers.

Inspection and Maintenance - Employers need to inspect and maintain chippers in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.  (NOTE: Click on the link below to view the Salsco Manual)  Employers should inspect and test the chipper at the start of each workshift to ensure that all parts and safety devices are functioning properly.  This should include looking for broken parts, cracks, worn hinges, and missing parts and pins.

Chipper access covers or doors must not be opened until the drum or disc comes to a complete stop.

Before beginning any servicing operation, lockout/tagout procedures must be utilized.

The above re-printed from the U.S. Department of Labor-Occupational Safety and Health Administration.  Hazards of Wood Chippers-SHIB 04-16-2008.  For additional information on the tree care industry as well as other information on applicable OSHA standards, compliance directives, letters of interpretation, alliances, and compliance assistance materials, please refer to https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/treecare/standards.html.

 

Manual, Model 813XT Chipper